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ROS metabolism and signalling in the plant stress response
Our lab is interested in understanding how plants respond to environmental cues at the molecular and physiological levels and how the metabolism and signaling of reactive oxygen species (ROS) impact these responses. We mainly use Arabidopsis thaliana (mutants and transgenic plants) to uncover the roles of ROS in the perception and response to the changes in the environment such as elevated temperatures, drought, salinity, excess light, and oxidative stress.
Background - Production, and accumulation of ROS induced by changes in the environmental conditions can induce oxidative stress in the plant cells, which can be toxic, causing oxidation of lipids, proteins, DNA, and metabolites. In contrast elevation in ROS level also act as signals that play essential roles in the regulation and maintenance of cellular and physiological functions. All living organisms must tightly regulate the level of ROS molecules such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide radical (O2.-), and singlet oxygen 1O2, to avoid over accumulation on the one hand, but also to avoid having too little of them. Our challenge is to understand how the plant cells resolve the duality between ROS toxicity and ROS necessity in the redox biology of the plant, under different conditions, growth stages, and tissues.
The ultimate goal of our research is to apply our knowledge to improve crop plant's yield production.
Our research is focused on two main aspects:
1. Studying the involvement of the three cytosolic ascorbate peroxidases, APX1, APX2, and APX6, under favorable conditions and during stress. As H2O2 scavenging enzymes, cAPXs act as important antioxidants and modulators of ROS and redox signaling in the cytosol impacting intra-cellular-, as well as cell-to-cell communication. We have identified the role of cAPXs in seed's and pollen stress tolerance, and in the systemic response of the entire plant to elevated temperatures and high light irradiance.
2. Identify new ROS-signalling components and study their role in the plant stress response, using functional genetic approaches.
Cytosolic APXs function at the center of the signaling hub of ROS and redox signaling stimulating specific gene responses and stress acclimation programss
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